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The Paris Climate Agreement Targets: Everything You Need to Know for UPSC Preparation

The Paris Climate Agreement is an international treaty aimed at mitigating and adapting to the effects of climate change. After months of negotiations, 195 nations adopted the agreement in Paris in December 2015, and it went into effect in November 2016. For students preparing for the UPSC exams, understanding the Paris Climate Agreement targets is crucial, as it is a significant global issue that features prominently in the exams. Here`s everything you need to know:

What are the Paris Climate Agreement targets?

The Paris Climate Agreement has two main targets: limiting global warming to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C. To achieve these targets, countries have pledged to reduce their carbon emissions and pursue a range of other measures to tackle climate change.

How are the targets being tracked?

Each country that signed the agreement has set its own emissions reduction targets, known as Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). These targets are reviewed and updated every five years, with the aim of ensuring continued progress towards the overall goal of limiting global warming. The implementation of NDCs is tracked through a process called the Enhanced Transparency Framework, which aims to ensure that progress towards the Paris targets is transparent and accountable.

What progress has been made towards the targets?

While progress has been made towards the Paris Climate Agreement targets, there is still a long way to go. A report by the United Nations Environment Programme found that the world needs to reduce its emissions by 7.6% every year between 2020 and 2030 in order to limit global warming to 1.5°C. The report also found that current NDCs are insufficient to achieve the 2°C target, let alone the 1.5°C target.

What are the implications of not meeting the targets?

Failing to meet the Paris Climate Agreement targets would have significant implications for the planet, including more frequent and severe heatwaves, droughts, floods, and storms. It could also lead to irreversible changes such as the loss of important ecosystems and rising sea levels, which would have devastating consequences for coastal communities. In addition, failing to meet the targets would make it much harder to achieve the UN`s Sustainable Development Goals, which aim to end poverty, protect the planet, and ensure prosperity for all.

In conclusion, understanding the Paris Climate Agreement targets is essential for students preparing for the UPSC exams. It is a critical global issue that is likely to feature prominently in the exams and has significant implications for the planet. By knowing the targets, students can gain a deeper understanding of the challenges and opportunities presented by climate change, and be better equipped to tackle them.